Further reading and Montessori related research

Mihaly Csíkszentmihályi is noted for his work in the study of happiness and creativity, but is best known as the architect of the notion of flow and for his years of research and writing on the topic. In his seminal work, Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience, Csíkszentmihályi outlines his theory that people are happiest when they are in a state of flow — a state of concentration or complete absorption with the activity at hand and the situation. It is a state in which people are so involved in an activity that nothing else seems to matter. The idea of flow is identical to the feeling of being in the zone or in the groove. The flow state is an optimal state of intrinsic motivation, where the person is fully immersed in what he is doing. This is a feeling everyone has at times, characterized by a feeling of great absorption, engagement, fulfillment, and skill.

He is the author of many books and over 120 articles or book chapters.

Around 2000, it came to the attention of Csíkszentmihályi that the principles and practices of the Montessori Method of education seemed to purposefully set up continuous flow opportunities and experiences for students. Csíkszentmihályi and psychologist Kevin Rathunde embarked on a multi-year study of student experiences in Montessori settings and traditional educational settings. The research supported observations that students achieved flow experiences more frequently in Montessori settings.

Montessori and Optimal Experience Research a paper on flow by David Kahn.

Montessori teaching 'better than traditional schooling'

Pupils allowed to learn at their own pace perform better both academically and socially, a study says. Psychologists found children from Montessori schools outperformed those across a range of abilities. The Montessori method focuses on personal development rather than exams.

Guardian article

Daily Mail article

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